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Nearly all child/family disturbances result from multiple, interacting risk factors INFLUENCES ON BEHAVIOR Biological Influences Examples of biological influences : hormones, neurological development, brain connections, genes Emotional Influences Emotional reactivity & expression are the ways infants & young children first communicate with the world A person’s interpretation of events is important to consider o Children require a basic quality of life that includes: o A safe community ο good schools o ο access to friends their own age o Opportunities to develop close relationships with extended family or community members THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS Etiology – the study of the causes of childhood disorders Most theoretical models focus on single explanations o Underlying Assumptions Abnormal Development is Multiply Determined We must look beyond the child’s current symptoms and consider developmental pathways & events that contribute to expression of the disorder o It’s not that the environment acts on the child to cause changes on development (the child also influences the environment) Transaction – process by which the subject and environment interact in a dynamic fashion to contribute to the expression of a disorder Few psychological disorder emerge without warning But abnormal development could be continuous or discontinuous across development o Continuity – developmental changes are gradual, quantitative, & future behavior patterns can be predicted from earlier patterns Ex . Conduct disorder antisocial acts o Discontinuity – developmental changes are abrupt, qualitative, and future behavior is poorly predicted by earlier patterns Ex . Eating disorders Continuity deals with patterns of behavior, not the individual symptoms Changes: Typical & Atypical
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DEVELOPMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Adaptation failure – failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental milestones Organization of Development Organization of development perspective : early patterns of adaptation evolve over time with structure & transform into higher-order functions o Ex . Speech sounds evolve into language Prior patterns of adaptation are reorganized at subsequent periods of development A child’s current abilities/limitations are influenced by prior accomplishments Sensitive periods – windows of time during which environmental influences on development are enhanced Developmental Psychopathology Perspective Developmental psychopathology
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2010 for the course PSY 339 taught by Professor Neal during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas.

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