Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PSY 339 CHAPTER 5 – ATTENT ION-DEF IC I T/HYPERACT IV I TY D ISORDER (ADHD DESCRIPT ION • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – persistent age-inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, & impulsivity o Must be sufficient to cause impairment • Inattention – not focusing • Hyperactive – constantly in motion • Impulsive – acting without thinking • ADHD has no distinct physical symptoms o Can only be identified by its characteristic behaviors H ISTORY • George Still : 1 st to describe symptoms of overactivity & inattention • 1917 to 1926 : Brain injured child syndrome o Many children who developed encephalitis experienced behavior problems of ir ritability, impaired attention, hyperactivity attributed these behaviors with brain damage o Minimal brain dysfunction (MBD) – label applied to children with the same behavior problems, but no evidence of brain damage • Late 50s : hyperkinesis – poor filtering of stimuli entering the brain • Hyperactive child syndrome- main feature was hyperactivity CORE CHARACTERIST ICS • There are 2 groups of symptoms for ADHD: o Symptoms of inattention o Symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity I nattention • Attentional capacity – amount of information we can remember/attend to for a short time o Children with ADHD do not have a deficit in attentional capacity • Selective attention – ability to concentrate on relevant stimuli and not be distracted by noise • Distractability – deficit in selective attention o Children with ADHD much easier distracted by highly salient & appealing stimuli • Sustained attent ion/ vigilance – ability to maintain persistent focus over t ime or when fatigued o Children with ADHD have a deficit in sustained attention • Alert ing – init ial reaction to a stimulus & preparing for what’s about to happen Hyperactivity-Impulsivity • Usually comes hand in hand • The main problem seems to be in controlling motor behavior Hyperactivity • Even during sleep, children with ADHD display more motor movement than usual Impulsivity • Impulsive children unable to: o Think before acting o Stop or regulate ongoing behavior o Resist immediate temptation/delay gratification • Cognitive impulsivity – disorganization, hurried thinking, and need for supervision • Behavioral impulsivity – difficulty inhibiting their responses Subtypes • Predominantly inattentive type (ADHD- P I ) – Children who primarily have symptoms of inattention • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (ADHD- H I ) – children who primarily...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2010 for the course PSY 339 taught by Professor Neal during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 7


This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online