CCT334 – History and Theory of Game Production Prepared by Jason MacIsaac [email protected] Sheridan College/UTM Revised: 2020-01-06
Ludology “,THE STUDY OF GAMES AND GAMING, ESPECIALLY VIDEO GAMES,” LEXICO.COM “NO RESULTS FOUND FOR LUDOLOGY . DID YOU MEAN KIDOLOGY ? ”, DICTIONARY.COM, JANUARY 2020 2
Why Do We Play? • The same reasons animals playfight? • Some psychologists believe it can be traced back to early humanity • Games originated within Hunter/Gather societies as practice for hunting and survival
Part I: Influences—Games Before Video Games
Q:What was the first ever game? A: Depends on who you ask.
8000 B.C.D.: (Before Call of Duty) Traditional games and sports set the stage for videogames Many early game designers were fans of pen and paper/board games
8000 – 7000 BCE: • “The Dawn of Leisure Time” - Phil Robinson, director and curator of the Museum of Games and Gaming • Human societies are more stable, and need new ways to pass the time
5000 BCE: Mancala • A two-player strategy game still played today • “The first “board game” according to Phil Robinson, director and curator of the Museum of Games and Gaming • Play Mancala!
• Or Weiqi • The Board Game of Surrounding • Believed to be the foundation of wargames • Estimates have it dating as far back as 4000 BC • Porcelain board from the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - 24 AD) is the oldest board that has been found • When the game came to Japan, it became known as Go • PLAY GO!
Reliable evidence of Go makes it at least as old as Chess , but probably older However, an older game, the Royal Game of Ur , can be reliably documented (2600 BC) An Ur board from that time period has actually been discovered Ur is a racing game, not a wargame PLAY THE ROYAL GAME OF UR!
• Dice: might be the oldest gaming implement known to humanity • Found in virtually every ancient culture: Japan, Africa, China, the Aztecs, the First Nations • Sophocles claimed they were a Greek invention • Others believe they originated in the Orient • Egyptian Pharaohs and peasants used to play with dice (modern dice similar to Egyptian dice dating to back to 2000 BC)
• Some of history’s earliest records mention them • Romans and Greeks popularized gambling with dice • Early 18 th Century, dice games arrive in North America • According to Hindu lore, Lord Shiva played dice with his wife, Parvati
1355 BCE: Dominoes • Dominoes were allegedly found in Tutankhamen’s tomb in Egypt (means they we around since 1355 BCE) • Possibly also originated in China 1120 AD • It is not clear if it is the same game as the Dominoes we know today
868 CE: Playing Cards • The Tang Dynasty • Writings from this time describe Princess Tong Cheng playing “The Leaf Game” • Sounds a lot like playing cards!
• Chess : first known version is Chaturanga —6 th or 7 th Century India • Played with four players!
- Spring '20
- Bushnell, Atari, Nolan Bushnell