686 Fiorina_ 092809_AK

686 Fiorina_ 092809_AK - PS 686 Week 4 Information,...

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PS 686 Week 4 – Information, Rationality and Representation Fiorina, M. (1990). Information and rationality in elections. Information and democratic processes , 329-342. Background: What are concepts of rationality? 1. According to the traditional view, rationality is a measurable, more-or-less continuous variable, and information is a major indicator of rationality. The more information people possess, the great the potential for rationality, although the analyst must still ascertain whether that potential is realized by a vote cast on the basis of pertinent information. 2. In Economics, rationality is viewed as “maximizing behavior” 3. In the electoral context, Downs pointed out that the costs of information make it unreasonable to expect that most citizens will be well informed. i. “Any concept of democracy based on an electorate of equally well informed citizens is irrational, i.e., it presupposes that citizens behave irrationally.” ii. Additionally, the quality of information can depend upon the nature of the
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686 Fiorina_ 092809_AK - PS 686 Week 4 Information,...

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