philosophy_group - interest-psychological is motivated by...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/12/10 City/Soul Ideally the city is the soul writ large. - City is a magnification of the soul Socrates broke the ideal city into three classes - rulers who know philosophy - military who protect the city - artisans who don’t know philosophy Soul has three parts - Reason (head), rational opposed to the appetite - Spirit (heart), source of action. - Appetite (below the midriff), lusts &
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4/12/10 Egoism Can’t knowingly run counter your interests, if you do it’s proof you’re ignorant of your best interests. Two types of Egoism -moral: ought to be motivated by self
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Unformatted text preview: interest-psychological: is motivated by self interest • Plato states; ought entails one acts in 4/12/10 Egoism Cont. • Hobbes view: – Always for personal benefit. – Psychological • Altruism • Sacrifice own interests for others • Hobbes twists every action to make it for your best interest Ex. A soldier throws himself on a grenade to save his fellow soldiers. 4/12/10 Utilitarianism • Difference between Hedonism and Utilitarianism is that Hedonism is is egoistic and Utilitarianism is social. • View was put forth by Jeremy Bentham & John Mill....
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2010 for the course FDG 233445 taught by Professor Oop during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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philosophy_group - interest-psychological is motivated by...

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