10.outline.abnormal.f.09

10.outline.abnormal.f.09 - CHAPTER TEN SEXUAL AND GENDER...

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CHAPTER TEN SEXUAL AND GENDER IDENTITY DISORDERS I. What is Normal Sexuality? A. Research into sexuality has changed since the breakthrough Kinsey report, which had sampling issues. Let’s look at newer, more scientifically rigorous research. This project in particular interviewed 3,321 men in the US, ages 20-39. According to this study, vaginal intercourse is a nearly universal experience for males. B. Sexual risk behavior is high enough in college samples and young adults to be considered normal sexuality. C. It is normal for sexuality to continue into late adulthood. Elderly samples generally report an active sex life. Decreases in sexual activity among the elderly is generally correlated with decreases in mobility, disease processes and use of medication, and normal aging that slows vasocongestion – is the swelling of bodily tissues caused by increased vascular blood flow and a localized increase in blood pressure . Typical causes of vasocongestion in humans includes menstruation , sexual arousal , REM sleep , strong emotions , and illnesses and allergic reactions . D. The following are known gender differences in sexual behavior: 1. The biggest gender difference in sexuality is masturbation – males do it more. 2. Males also show a more permissive attitude regarding premarital sex than females; 3. Males tend to approve of premarital intercourse in the context of a committed relationship slightly more so than females. 4. Number of sexual partners and frequency of intercourse are slightly greater for males compared to females. 5. Females tend to desire more demonstrations of love and intimacy during sex compared to males who focus more on SEX! 6. No gender differences exist with regard to homosexuality (generally acceptable), the experience of sexual satisfaction, or attitudes about masturbation (generally accepting).
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7. Sexual self-schemas – are cognitive generalizations about sexual aspects of oneself. These beliefs are used to guide and organize information processing, especially when the information is significant to the self. Self-schemas are important to a person's overall self-concept . 8. Research on gender differences in sexuality up to this point can be summarized thusly: E. Cultural differences exist in sexual practices. F. The development of sexual orientation is complex. Homosexuality runs in families and concordance rates for homosexuality are higher for monozygotic than dizygotic twins. Though the media often concludes that sexual orientation has a biological cause, no studies have confirmed singular biological causation. II. Gender Identity Disorder A. Gender identity disorder ( GID ) or transsexualism - is the formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe persons who experience significant gender dysphoria (discontent with the biological sex they were born with). It is a psychiatric classification and describes the attributes related to transsexuality , transgender identity, and transvestism . Gender identity disorder is rare, with males showing this disorder more often than
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10.outline.abnormal.f.09 - CHAPTER TEN SEXUAL AND GENDER...

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