Chapter_10_-_Part_1

Chapter_10_-_Part_1 - Voluntary Movements of Infancy...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Voluntary Movements of Infancy -Chapter 10-
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“Voluntary movement is the ultimate expression in the striated muscle of the integrated effects of a host of cortical and subcortical facilitory and inhibitory influences” Wyke, 1975
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Voluntary movements Involuntary movements Reflexes during first year Most disappear as cerebral cortical control assumes command of movement production Voluntary movements Begin to appear at about fourth week of life Initially head, neck, eyes controlled rudimentary movements of future, advanced movements
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Voluntary movements 1. Postural Control Head control to attainment of upright posture (standing) 2. Locomotion Crawling and then creeping 3. Manual Control Grasping and releasing
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Categorizing the Movements Cephalocaudal pattern of development Proximodistal pattern of development Importance of perceptual systems
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Postural Control: Head
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Postural Control: Body mo mo mo mo mo 9-10  mo 12   m Chest Rolling Sitting Standing
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Questions about sitting Is body control important? Yes What are the benefits from independent sitting?
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Upright posture frees hands for other
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Chapter_10_-_Part_1 - Voluntary Movements of Infancy...

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