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Copy of History 2057.Exam One Notes

Copy of History 2057.Exam One Notes - History 2057 Exam One...

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History 2057 – Exam One Notes TA Info > Sarah: Himes 320, Mon., Wed. from 11-12:30…[email protected] Mainly Storylines of Course -- FCRR I. Foreign Policy - Explaining how the US came to play the role in the world as it does today - The US could hold its own in 1865 (Civil War ends), but it wasn’t a super power - Major European countries rule the world II. The role of the government - Today, the government is huge, powerful and expensive - Latter third of 19 th century, the US government was none of the above - Newspapers didn’t even have a correspondent at capital - The people want the government to be more controlling at this point III. Culture - Today we live in a consumer culture with a consumer economy – we’re judged by what we buy - The economy is driven by consumption - But in 1865, most people spent their time at home and lived on farms and produced on their own - After this time, advertising begins to tell people what they want is what they need IV. Race Relations - This is a great example of how things don’t always improve as time goes on - Race relations and government power are tied together ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Reconstruction - US concluded a very bloody civil war in 1865. It epitomized political system failure. Two main things the government could not handle – 1) What’s the nature of the union? Is it perpetual or can it be taken apart; 2) What is the status of slavery in the US – will it exist or not? 1) What’s the nature of the union? > The constitution does not outline whether states can secede 2) What is the status of slavery in the US – will it exist or not? > The word slave and slavery are not in constitution intentionally > When they finish writing it, they’ve created a document that allows for slavery to exist but doesn’t guarantee its existence - No one can come up with answers to these questions so the war happens and answers questions. The north, the winner, said the union was perpetual. - When the civil war starts in 1861 and in 1862, slavery directly enters the war effort > Lincoln is forced to address the situation with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 > He is declaring slavery ended in states that he really had no control of > When the war ends, slavery comes to end in confederacy and they surrender > It really ends with the 13 th amendment - The South has to come back into the union but how? - Also, what is the status of the free slaves? - In 1857, Supreme Court declared that blacks, slave or free, were not US citizens - These two questions play a major role in reconstruction
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I. Major Players - White southerners > It’s not as much a cohesive group as perceived > They had different opinions on secession; except S.C. had a meeting and they agreed > Not the case in other states > Once the states do leave the union, most people in those states generally agree on it > Still, there were some people who didn’t agree throughout the whole thing > The majority support the confederacy > When the war ends, this group was willing to admit that they lost and the secession effort is dead and they recognize the reality that slavery is over
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