Minamizono et al's Attitudes Toward Those Bereaved by a Suicide-Population-Bsaed Cross-Sectional Stu

Minamizono et al's Attitudes Toward Those Bereaved by a Suicide-Population-Bsaed Cross-Sectional Stu

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Bio Med Central Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Public Health Open Access Research article Attitudes towards those bereaved by a suicide: a population-based, cross-sectional study in rural Japan Sachiko Minamizono* 1 , Yutaka Motohashi 1 , Masako Yamaji 2 and Yoshihiro Kaneko 1 Address: 1 Department of Public Health, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita, Japan and 2 Faculty of Health and Medicine Care, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan Email: Sachiko Minamizono* - [email protected]; Yutaka Motohashi - [email protected]; Masako Yamaji - [email protected]; Yoshihiro Kaneko - [email protected] * Corresponding author Abstract Background: Family or friends bereaved by suicide are at risk of experiencing complications because of attitudes regarding suicide. It is important that individuals close to those grieving after a death by suicide demonstrate adequate knowledge and compassionate attitudes. To this end, we examined the factors that contribute to attitudes toward persons bereaved by the suicide of a family member or friend, and perceptions of suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health. Methods: A total of 5154 residents of a rural town in northern Japan aged 30–69 years completed a cross- sectional questionnaire. The questionnaire gathered data about demographic variables, depressive symptoms, and issues related to suicide including personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide, attitudes towards those bereaved by suicide, and perceptions regarding suicide prevention. Factors related to these attitudes and perceptions were analysed using logistic regression models. Results: Overall, 67.5% of respondents demonstrated appropriate attitudes towards those bereaved by suicide; 30.4% of responses were undetermined, and 2.1% were inappropriate. Undetermined attitudes were associated with male gender (adjusted OR 1.42, 95%CI = 1.26–1.61), younger age (2.64, 2.12–3.29), lower education level (1.32, 1.07–1.62), greater severity of depression (3.81, 2.80–5.20), and lack of personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide (1.39, 1.22–1.57). Inappropriate attitudes were associated with male gender (adjusted OR 1.98, 95%CI = 1.33–2.94), lower education level (2.55 1.34–4.83), and greater severity of depression (6.93, 3.52–13.67). Overall, 16.0% demonstrated passive thoughts regarding suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health in the community, and were associated with male gender (1.22, 1.04–1.42), younger age (2.72, 2.03–3.65), lower education level (1.32, 1.02–1.71), and greater severity of depression (4.94, 3.58–6.82). Conclusion: Factors that contributed to undetermined attitudes included male gender, younger age, lower education level, greater severity of depression, and lack of personal experience of an acquaintance's suicide. Passive thoughts regarding suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health were associated with male gender, younger age, lower education level, and greater severity of depression. Published: 25 September 2008
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Minamizono et al's Attitudes Toward Those Bereaved by a Suicide-Population-Bsaed Cross-Sectional Stu

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