class13 - Chapter5 Variationsin Consciousness Class13...

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1 Chapter 5 Variations in Consciousness Class 13 Consciousness and Sleep Thursday, October 22, 2009
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2 Consciousness: The Final Frontier 2
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3 Consciousness: The Final Frontier y Consciousness: The Nature of Consciousness y Probably the most important question in psychology y BUT: Also one of the most difficult! y Difficult to study subjective y Definitions of Consciousness–term is used loosely and includes a range of concepts y Awareness of Internal and External Stimuli y Awake y Consciousness of self 3
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4 William James: Stream of Consciousness y “Stream of Consciousness” y “Consciousness is in constant change. I do not mean by this to say that no one state of mind has any duration ‐‐ even if true, that would be hard to establish. What I wish to lay stress on is this, that no state once gone can recur and be identical with what it was before. Now we are seeing, now hearing; now reasoning, now willing; now recollecting, now expecting; now loving, now hating; and in a hundred other ways we know our minds to be alternately engaged. ... “ 4 Consciousness, or our awareness of internal and external stimuli (including events, internal sensations, thoughts, etc.), is constantly changing. This was recognized by William James in 1902 when he discussed the “stream of consciousness”…an endless flow of ideas. Sigmund Freud was also interested in consciousness, particularly in what was going on just below the surface of the stream. He was one of the first theorists to recognize that consciousness is not an all or none phenomenon…rather there are levels of awareness. Sleep and dreaming researchers also showed that awareness is different during
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class13 - Chapter5 Variationsin Consciousness Class13...

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