2Historical Patterns - Historical PatternsRecurrent trends...

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Historical Patterns- Recurrent trends in Chinese history- “Dynastic Cycle”- used to explain China’s past Xia (21 st -17 th C. BC)- no hard evidence to show that dynasty is existence Shang (17 th -11 th C. BC)- lots of evidence to show existence, military state, agricultural sites W. Zhou (11 th C. -256 BC)- Chinese civilization matures, gov’t and economic systems developed E. Zhou (Warring States, 475-221 BC) Qin Han Tang- most prosperous economic in Five Dynasties- political Turmoil N. Song S. Song Yuan Ming Qing- major dynasties in Chinese history Historians in new dynasty tasked to document in volumes the history of previous dynasties 24 books of dynasties- multiple volumes, details of activities of every ruler, geography, big family, economic activities, wars, etc “Dynastic Cycle” 1. Stage 1: land reclamation; light taxation; efficient government- built on foundation of old dynasty; rulers know what brought old dynasty down; paid attention to disciplining corrupt officials 2. Stage 2: population growth; economic expansion; urbanization
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3. Stage 3: expanded government; land concentration; increased tax burden- problems begin to emerge; problem of distribution of wealth; generate income by collecting rent from farmers; rich people buy land 4. Stage 4: government corruption and inefficiency; dislocation of the landless; social
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2Historical Patterns - Historical PatternsRecurrent trends...

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