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Chapter 2 - Chemical Principles(Organic Compounds Chapter 2...

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Chemical Principles (Organic Compounds) Chapter 2
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Organic Compounds Contain Carbon and Hydrogen Compounds of Life Biologic Molecules
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4 Groups of Organic Compounds 1. Proteins 2. Carbohydrates 3. Lipids 4. Nucleic Acids
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Synthesis and Hydrolysis
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Proteins Enzymes, carrier molecules, hormones, antibodies, cell wall, cell membrane Over 50 % of a cells dry weight is Protein Basic Unit Molecule Amino acids - 20 amino acids found in living systems
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Amino acid structure AA-AA Dipeptide AA-AA-AA Tripeptide AA-AA-AA-AA Tetrapeptide AA-AA-AA-AA-AA Polypeptide Bond between Amino acids - Peptide Bond
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Levels of Structure 1. Primary 2. Secondary 3. Tertiary 4. Quaternary
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Primary Level of Structure The linear sequence of Amino acids
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Secondary Level of Structure When the a chain of polypeptides takes on a specific orientation in space 2 Main Types Alpha Helix Beta Pleated Sheet
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Tertiary Level of Structure
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