Exam 2 Test Prep.docx - 1 What is consequentialism How does...

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1. What is consequentialism? How does it differ from Virtue Theory? - Consequentialism is a family of ethical theories that includes utilitarianism in which it shares a common view that the consequences of actions are the ones that will determine the right and wrong. It allows us the capability to help others as well as help ourselves in the process. This differs from the Virtue Theory because virtue ethics don’t judge actions the way the consequentialism does. However, the Virtue Theory looks more at the character of an individual opposed to their actions. 2. What is the utilitarian approach to evaluating actions, and why do utilitarians distinguish between the morality of the action and the morality of the agent who performs it? - The utilitarian approach to evaluating actions is that no specific action is essentially morally right, but actions are right if the action that is made is optimific. Utilitarians distinguish between the morality of the action and

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