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Art History 6B

Art History 6B - www.arthistory.ucsb.edu/arth6b Veryex

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www.arthistory.ucsb.edu/arth6b Characteristics of Early Modern Art Cultural and Social Roots of early modern art Subjects of early modern art Changing role of the artists Images were plentiful for both public and private use Very expensive and created for and by elite part of population Only wealthiest individuals could commission a work of art Intended to appeal to and satisfy the needs of the wealthy Images were largely about ideas ± Tell us what the period thought about these individuals ± Tried to present all the individual and characteristics, vs. naturalistic ± Had a great impact on the late myth medieval period ± At beginning, art's look was inherited from the byzantine empire Next half of period Renaissance = revival of golden classical past Art looked vastly different Renaissance artists were distrustful of anything new… rather than creating something new, they looked back to classical Rome and Greece 17th century Interest in making art much more immediate to those that are viewing it Baroque = deformed pearl, excess Doesn't describe a good deal of the art produced Much contemplative art was produced as well Encompasses a much broader range… called early modern period now TRENDS They become more domestic and immediate to their audiences ± Secularization : even religious images become secularized in their appearance Becomes an idea of the living, breathing nature ± Is a style, there is no such thing as a purely naturalistic or realistic work of art ± Naturalistic : not a static image or an image of an idea Individualization : Stresses the individual: moves focus from god and spiritual world to focus on man and material world, subject matter and method of portrayal change Characteristics of early modern art in Europe Agricultural prosperity countryside developed new techniques and created abundance Urbanization: merchants and bankers arise and moved to cities Banking: invention of stock market exchange, private banks, made possible the exchange of wealth behind flourishing of arts Secular Government = a new kind of elite was created, rise of republics, self government interested in their own expansion, art no longer just religious Papal bull excommunicating martin Luther from catholic church ± Became his own church, Protestantism ± Protestant Reformation = split in catholic church 1517 95 thesis of martin Luther Encountering difference in the past Cultural and Social Roots of the Early Modern Period 01 / 08 / 08 Art History 6B Page 1
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Different from that which was found in ancient Greece and Rome ± Reentered the culture from god to man… man could create his own world ± Merchants were able to see many new kinds of cultures ± Encountering difference in an expanded world Seeking to understand how god created the universe ± God is a great geometer was their understanding ± Investigation of universal principles
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Art History 6B - www.arthistory.ucsb.edu/arth6b Veryex

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