review-group dynamics-midterm

review-group dynamics-midterm - PSYC119groupdynamics o...

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PSYC 119-group dynamics o Types of Groups 1) Primary Groups  ~small ~ high interdependence ~high identification  ~family 2) Social Groups  ~small ~long term ~less interdependence ~identification   ~sports  team 3) Collectives  ~relatively large groups with similarities in what they do and how  they think   ~political groups ~religious groups 4) Categories  ~group of people that share attributes (ethnic group) o Elements of Groups Interaction-  task interactions, relationship interactions (to get something  done around a task, or to interact to maintain a relationship) Goals- Interdependence-  degree to which you rely on other people o Reciprocal     o Unilateral     o Sequential     Structure-  Roles    -Norms Unity o 5 stages of group development
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Forming:      getting together Storming:      conflict occurs Norming:      adapting, standards, dev. of norms “shared mental models” Performing:       goal/task oriented activity Adjourning:       breaks apart o Lewin’s Field Theory of Group Dynamics B= f (P,E) Your behavior is a function of you as a person and your experience How you behave when alone, how you behave in surrounding is different  ~people act differently in a different context o Reasons to join Groups A)   Personality  ~Extraverts/Introverts    ~Relationality B)   Social motives   o Need for affiliation – need for inclusion o Need for intimacy – need for warm, positive relationships o Need for power – need for control C)   Past experiences o Going to influence how you deal w/ groups in the future Misery loves company- we want people to relate to/trust/help
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o Self-Evaluation Maintenance Social Comparison- we evaluate ourselves against other people to determine  things about ourselves  (people are sources of information) Upward social comparison:      by choosing comparison targets who are superior  to yourself, making goals o Benefits:  learn, motivation o Negative:  frustration, harmful to self-esteem, give-up, discouraged Downwards social comparison:      by choosing comparison targets who are  performing poorly compared to yourself o benefits:  self-esteem, boost own self competence o negative:  over inflate, put down others ~avoid associating with people who excel in areas that  are  relevant to our self- esteem ~tend to associate with people who excel in areas that  aren’t  relevant to our self- esteem o Social exchange theory     Comparison Level (     CL)~ standard by which you compare membership If you are selective in joining groups your CL is HIGH If you are not selective then your CL is LOW o Social Identity Theory ~ 
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review-group dynamics-midterm - PSYC119groupdynamics o...

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