Elements of Empire[3]

Elements of Empire[3] - Two handles of government The law...

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Elements of Empire Theories of Government
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Dynastic Cycle Benefits of Theory? Strong beginning Weak, corrupt, bad ending Interregnum – interruption of rule Han: Wang Mang Restoration Han: Wu Di
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Legitimation Consensus versus Force Shang Dynasty Divination Cosmology Theory of First Causes (philosophy) Heaven: transcendent, non-human, all- powerful
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Mandate of Heaven Mencius (Mengzi) Citizens (modern state) versus Imperial subjects (a sovereign ruler) [Reading focus: ch.2, theories of rulership: what are different positions]
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Confucianism (NOT Confusionism) Hierarchical Family structure Seniority & gender Reciprocal (rights and duties) Paternalistic / paternalism Concept of l (benevolence, humane-ness, human-hearted) Government by example
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Legalism Question of human nature Xunzi (Hsun-tzu) Han Feizi
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Unformatted text preview: Two handles of government The law as arbiter Qin Shi Huangdi Eastern Zhou Spring and Autumn (771-481 B.C.E) Warring States (401-256 BCE) Seven states: System of ba or hegemon (first amongst equals) Qin: Prince Zheng; Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yen, Qi Unification Standardization Administration Appointment of officials Weights and measures Road width gauge Intellectual thought (pragmatism) Statecraft Strong State vs. Welfare of the People What is the purpose of government? State People Han Dynasty Model Laws Introduction of Confucianism as state ideology Institutions Imperial College Erudites Examinations Recommendation Reading: ch.3, How did founder of Han: Han Gaozu organize his empire? What elements did he use? Both institutions and ideology?...
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Elements of Empire[3] - Two handles of government The law...

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