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International Relations Essay BREXIT Puzzling question ideas: How did Brexit come to be, why did the UK want to become an independent county? BBC news report on Brexit begins What is it? Brittan leaving the European Union (EU) Why are they leaving? A referendum - a vote in which everyone (or nearly everyone) of voting age can take part - was held on Thursday 23 June 2016, to decide whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union. Leave won by 51.9% to 48.1%. The referendum turnout was 71.8%, with more than 30 million people voting. What is the EU? The European Union - often known as the EU - is an economic and political partnership involving 28 European countries It began after World War Two to foster economic co-operation, with the idea that countries which trade together were more likely to avoid going to war with each other. It has since grown to become a "single market" allowing goods and people to move around, basically as if the member states were one country. its own currency, the euro, which is used by 19 of the member countries, its own parliament and it now sets rules in a wide range of areas - including on the environment, transport, consumer rights and even things such as mobile phone charges. When are scheduled to leave? For the UK to leave the EU it had to invoke Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty which gives the two sides two years to agree the terms of the split. UK is scheduled to leave at 11pm UK time on Friday, 29 March 2019 .
It can be extended if all 28 EU members agree, but at the moment all sides are focusing on that date as being the key one The chequers plan Theresa May invites her official country house in Buckinghamshire, in July to thrash out their differences and agree a plan. Her cabinet has a wide variety of views on Brexit (those who appose, to those who led the leave campaign during the referendum The plan includes proposals for the UK to mirror EU rules on goods, plus the UK and EU being treated as a "combined customs territory" which would mean the UK would apply domestic tariffs and trade policies for goods intended for the UK, but charge EU tariffs and their equivalents for goods which will end up heading into the EU. The plan suggests that the UK would also be free to strike its own trade deals with countries around the world, something it is currently unable to do as a member of the EU customs union. Mrs May says the plan will also end the free movement of people "giving the UK back control over how many people enter the country". She says her Chequers plan would solve the problem by establishing a "common rulebook" for food and manufactured goods flowing between the EU and UK, with no need for regulatory checks at the border. Reaction to the plan: Initial reaction wasn’t positive EU doesn’t like the plan What happens if they UK and the EU don’t agree a Brexit deal? A deal would be the best option for everyone, but no deal is better than a bad deal Government is planning for a no-deal scenario but says it is unlikely to happen.

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