Social Stratification- Beyond the United States

Social Stratification- Beyond the United States - P A R T V...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PART V Social Stratification Beyond the United States C H A P T E R 14 The World Stratification System: Dominance and Competition Among Core Nations The modern world system began about 500 years ago as Europeans spread around the world, taking land and resources from other people and forcing them into the emerging global economy. As shown here, Europeans first took over all of the Americas, and only later began stealing Africa and Asia. SOURCE: ±Bettmann/Corbis± ker80075_ch14_463-491.indd 463 ker80075_ch14_463-491.indd 463 11/13/07 9:56:41 AM 11/13/07 9:56:41 AM
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
464 Part V Social Stratification Beyond the United States Chapter Outline Characteristics of the World Stratification System Development of the Modern World System A Brief History of Core Conflict and Hegemony American Inequality and the Future of Core Conflict Capitalist Models and Core Competition in the 21st Century The Global Corporate Class Summary A s I wrote in the introduction to this chapter for the 4th edition, I can again write that in many ways the world is a different place than it was when I completed the previ- ous edition. In the previous edition I was referring to the accumulative changes brought about by the fall of communism around the world. In some ways it is again a different world after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. But these events in part can also be understood as flowing from changes taking place in the world system from the post–World War II era through the 1980s and 1990s. As other capitalist industrial nations were in ashes after World War II, by default the United States was left as the only capitalist power that could defend capitalist inter- ests against the emerging communist nations. Then, with the fall of communism begin- ning at the end of the 1980s, the United States was left as the world’s only superpower. In the world stratification system this means that it is up to the United States and American political and economic elites to maintain the world stratification system for the interests of themselves and their capitalist allies among the other rich nations. To understand this sufficiently we must recognize that much like the domestic class conflicts within nations we have focused on throughout previous chapters, there is international “class conflict.” Within the international stratification system there are “upper-class” nations trying to maintain their advantages while lower-class nations are often struggling to change the stratification system or their place within it. This situation, of course, gives the United States and American elites an advantage in the world’s international class conflicts. The United States and its elites have extensive power to protect their interests and maintain their favored positions. There are, however, negatives, such as the human and financial costs of attempting to be the world’s watchdog to protect oil supplies in the Middle East
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 29

Social Stratification- Beyond the United States - P A R T V...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online