Lecture 1

Lecture 1 - International Political-Economy Sociology 218 I...

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International Political-Economy Sociology 218 I. Introduction 1. Importance of topic today, world changes, lack of knowledge 2. Impact of social structures, political and economic institutions –not simply leaders but institutions that impose opportunities and restrictions 3. Long waves and short waves in world history 4. The case of China in 1400 –by 1400 China was centuries ahead of the West in many technologies, science, culture, political and economic systems, comparison of European kings vs. Chinese emperors of the time –largest navy world has seen; Admiral He’s Treasure Fleet (over 3,000 large ocean going ships, trading from Africa to East Asia, perhaps further) –Why we are not a Chinese colony today? (Emperor Zhu Di expansion, building, trade and exploration; then disasters and opposition within court; conflict between old imperial Mandarin and merchant/ commoners) –1424 China closed (winning side thought China was far superior to rest of world; ships destroyed, contact with outside forbidden, study of foreign language forbidden, even teaching Chinese to foreigners forbidden, merchant class regulated. ..) 5. What is globalization and its history; cultural and economic dimensions –growth of global inequality since 1800 6. Position of the United States today in global competition 7. Types of Capitalisms (Neo-liberal, corporatist, and Asian models) 8. Summary of comparative inequality among rich nations II. Characteristics of the Modern World System 1. Structure of the world system
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–international economic system and international ties in history –impact on domestic economies –international division of labor –the extent of international ties (economic, military, political, treaties) 2. Positions in the modern world system a. Core nations –characteristics (economic diversity, occupational structure, high tech industries, complex state structures, low inequality, place of military) b. Periphery nations –characteristics (low economic diversity, low skilled labor, weak state, high inequality) c. Semiperiphery –characteristics (middle position in all) 3. A system of Dynamic Conflict and Domination a. core conflict for advantage –rise and fall of core dominant nations –productivity dominance –trade dominance –financial dominance (cause and affects of military dominance) b. need to dominate the periphery –benefits to core (Raw materials, cheap labor, profitable investments, market for exports, skilled labor moving to core) –some research findings MNC -------> greater inequality, wealthy elites MNC -------> greater poverty MNC -------> less demo, political repression MNC -------> rapid urbanization, rural disruption MNC -------> rapid population growth MNC -------> Less long term economic growth III. Development and History of the Modern World System 1. Development a. previous world empires b. search for world expansion, revolution and enlightenment c. why the west?
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–a long standing sociological question –materialist and cultural explanations
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Lecture 1 - International Political-Economy Sociology 218 I...

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