sports - Russell Gabriel Turning Pts In American History...

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Russell Gabriel Turning Pts In American History Tuesday Thursday 9:30am The Supreme Court ruling in 1896 in Plessey v. Ferguson that separate facilities for whites and blacks were constitutional encouraged the passage of discriminatory laws that wiped out the gains made by blacks during Reconstruction. 1 Railways and streetcars, public waiting rooms, restaurants, boardinghouses, theaters, and public parks were segregated; separate schools, hospitals, and other public institutions, generally of inferior quality, were designated for blacks. 2 This held true until the civil rights movement and with the help of documents such as the document of white supremacy, not only segregated buildings and institutions but also sports. There were separate leagues in baseball for blacks such as the Negro leagues. The first step in eliminating segregation in baseball was when Branch Rickey projected to announce the signing of Jackie Robinson and sever other stars from the Negro leagues. 3 None of the other players made it at that exact time but it is said that political powers forced his hand only allowing Robinson to be brought forth into the spotlight. 4 On August 28 th , 1945 Jackie Robinson was signed to the Brooklyn Dodgers. 5 This broke the proverbial “color line” in baseball, and eventually lead to the demise of the Negro Leagues, while Robinson and other greats from the negro leagues switched to the MLB helping to integrate the sport. In boxing African Americans were not segregated from the end of slavery, but they were not allowed title shots, because the sport didn’t want an African American to 1 C. V. Woodward, The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1966). http://education.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry/JimCrowl
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2010 for the course LAW 230 taught by Professor Birkel,c during the Fall '08 term at W. Carolina.

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sports - Russell Gabriel Turning Pts In American History...

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