Milestones in German History

Milestones in German History - Milestones in German History...

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Milestones in German History 800 Charlemagne crowned emperor in Rome 814 Charlemagne died in Aachen 843 Under the Treaty of Verdun, Charlemagne's grandchildren divided up the empire: Lothar received the central, Charles the Bold the western, and Ludwig the German the eastern territories. 870 Formation of the duchies of Franconia, Saxony, Bavaria, Swabia and, in approximately 900, Lorraine. 911 Upon extinction of the Carolingians, Conrad of Franconia became King of Germany. 919 The Saxon Duke, Henry I, elected king. The Saxon dynasty ruled Germany until 1024. 955 Otto I defeated the Hungarians at Lechfeld near Augsburg 962 Otto I was crowned Emperor in Rome and was recognized by Byzantium. 968 Creation of the archbishopric of Magdeburg as the center of the colonizing movement to the east. 1024-1255 The Salian dynasty 1075 Beginning of the "investiture" dispute between the Emperor and the Pope (i.e. as to who had the right to appoint bishops). It was settled by the concordat of Worms in 1122. 1096 Beginning of the first Crusade 1138 1254 The Hohenstaufen dynasty 1180 Frederick I (Barbarossa) outlawed the Saxon Duke Henry the Lion 1190 The Teutonic Order was founded in Akko. In the 13th and 14th centuries it dominated vast territories along the Baltic coast 1235 Emperor Frederick II proclaimed the Peace of Mainz, the first imperial law in the German language 1256-1273 The Great Interregnum 1273 Rudolf of Hapsburg became king of Germany. He increased power by his victory over King Ottocar II of Bohemia. 1293 L¸beck became the leading city of the Hanseatic League 1348 The founding of the first German university in Prague, which Charles IV made the permanent capital of the empire 1348-1352 The Plague ("black death") 1356 The Golden Bull laid down the rules for the election of the king, who was to be elected in Frankfurt and crowned in Aachen 1370 Victory of the Hanseatic League over the Danes
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1400 King Wenceslas was removed from the throne by the electors on account of his incapacity 1417 The Hohenzollern Frederick I, burgrave of Nuremberg, became elector of Brandenburg 1452 Last coronation of a German emperor in Rome (Frederick III) 1493 Peasants' uprising on the upper Rhine 1495 Proclamation of the "Eternal Peace" at the diet of Worms 1499 Switzerland broke away from the empire 1517 Luther proclaimed his 95 theses; beginning of the Reformation 1522-1523 Uprising of the knights 1524-1525 Peasants' War 1529 The Turks laid siege to Vienna 1546-1547 Emperor Charles V defeated the Protestant princes and towns allied against him 1555 The Peace of Augsburg (the princes henceforth determine the religion of their territories)
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2010 for the course MBA 659 taught by Professor Baumgartner during the Spring '09 term at Pepperdine.

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Milestones in German History - Milestones in German History...

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