eCore civilizations 1111 midterm.docx - UNIT ONE 1 People...

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UNIT ONE 1. People get to Australia & N.Z.?: first sea-faring2. Beringia?: landmass between N.A. & Asia3. 1st species to use fire?: homo erectus4. 1st to use stone tools?: homo habilis5. Grew rye, barley, and wheat as their main crops?: West Asia/Fertile Crescent6. “Neolithic Revolution?”: hunter-gatherer to agriculture7. First hominid excursion to Europe. Near modern day?: Rome8. 1st foraging moving away from a plantdiet?: Homo sapiens9. NOT a feature of the Last Glacial Maximum?: Predictable rainfall10. “Oldowan Industry?”: tools of quartz pebbles11. The rise of agriculture led to the rise of?: Permanent settlements, religion, and trade12. NOT an accurate of Çatalhüyük?: No concern for improvement13. The transition to bipedalism?: Walk upright, use hands and tools, and hunger gathering14. Use of the Valley of Kings as their burial site?: New Kingdom15. The Amarna Period is notable for?: State-sponsored monotheism16. The Kingdom of Kush had all developments EXCEPT?: A close relationship with Egypt17. Sumerian King List?: Control over multiple city-states18. True about cuneiform EXCEPT?: Most people were literate19. Prompted people to move closer to the Nile River?: Surrounding areas began drying out20. Hammurabi’s Code?: Eye for an eye - law of retaliation21. Akkad related to all EXCEPT?: Recognition as the son of God22. All were associated with Kerma EXCEPT?: Meroitic23. Historical record emphasizes what about the Assyrian Empire?: Tried to inspire fear into conquered populations24. Known for defeating Goliath, unified Israel and helped to build Jerusalem?: King David25. Correct order of events?: Walk upright, homo habilis used tools, homo sapiens movedout of Africa26. Mammoth remains were used for all EXCEPT?: Bone knives/cutting instruments27. Built a protective wall of mud-bricks?: Jericho28. Organized warfare arose during ?: The Neolithic29. Difference between “Hominids” and “Hominins”?: hominiDs - great apes, hominiNs - modern humans30. Historical significance of Jericho and Çatalhüyük?: Early village-like settlements31. Arctic colonists hunted?: Walrus & seal32. Cave paintings at Lascaux?: Humans hunting a variety of animals33. Hominid became stockier and more powerful?: Homo neanderthalensis34. “Civilization” is a problematic word because?: Loaded term, value judgement35. Hammurabi’s Code also?: Common standards & unification36. All true about the Palette of Narmer EXCEPT?: To date unification of Egypt (4500 BCE)37. All were associated with the Kerma EXCEPT?: Monotheism38. Desiccation contributed to civilizations in Egypt and Nubia?: Moving closer to the Nile39. NOT recognized as a legacy of the Israelites?: 1st to use monumental architecture40. NOT true regarding the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?: Predictability of the rivers was a sign from the gods who favored them41. All were evident throughout Egypt EXCEPT?: Pharaohs built huge pyramids for burial sites42. Advantage of city-states in Mesopotamia?: Able to draw resources from surrounding areas43. All true regarding Nubia EXCEPT?: Nubian kingdoms were slave colonies of Egypt44. Sumerian city-states shared all EXCEPT?:

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