6 LVeronis_Guest-lecture_Feb5_outline

6 LVeronis_Guest-lecture_Feb5_outline - Ethnic identity and...

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Ethnic identity and urban space: Latin Americans’ struggles for belonging in Toronto Dr. Luisa Veronis Department of Geography University of Ottawa 5 February 2010 Objectives ! Questions: ! How and why do new immigrant groups (re)construct collective identities in and through urban space today? ! What is the nature and role of ethnic spaces within the context of Canadian multiculturalism today? ! Examine immigrants’ use of urban space in their struggles for belonging ! Understand the building of identity and di ! erence in and through urban space Overview ! Race/ethnicity and space/place ! Latin American immigration and demographics ! Two Latin American initiatives in Toronto ! The building of a Barrio Latino ! The Canadian Hispanic Day Parade 1 2 3
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Ethnicity, space and belonging ! The Chicago School ! Diaspora, hybridity ! Hall (1990); Gilroy (1993); Appadurai (1990); Bhabha (1994) ! Transnationalism ! Glick Schiller et al. (1992); Basch et al. (1994); K. Mitchell (1997, 2003) Spatiality of ethnicity/race in the Canadian context ! K. Anderson (1991) – ethnic segregation ! Murdie and Teixeira (2003) – voluntary concentration ! Hiebert and Ley (2000) ! K. Mitchell (1997) ! A. Kobayashi (1990) ! M. Mahtani (2002) Vancouver’s Chinatown (Anderson, 1991) ! The “new cultural geography” ! The production of identity/di ! erence (race) in and through space/place ! Chinatown: an a " rmation of the dominant society’s sense of identity 4 5 6
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Chinatowns (Vancouver, 1907) (Anderson, K. 1987) Race and space/place ! Racialization: production of racial identities ! Space/place maintains and manifests di ! erences between dominant society and other groups ! Place functions as a mechanism for creating and preserving local systems of di ! erentiation within deFned geographical conFnes ! Process of inclusion/exclusion in and through space/place Immigrant neighbourhoods in postwar Toronto ! Bob Murdie and Carlos Teixeira (2003) ! Postwar immigration from Southern Europe ! Immigrant neighbourhood formation ! Settlement in central parts of Toronto ! Housing, institutions ! Little Italy, Portugal Village, Greektown, etc. ! Immigrant neighbourhoods: a strategy for socio-economic mobility 7 8 9
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American identity in Toronto? “[The] Latin American community … is one of the most orphan communities … in [Toronto] … [We] don’t even have a place where to dig our own grave basically … [We] do not have a place where … we can present what we have.” (Palacio, 2 May 2003) Latin American immigration to Canada ! Di ! ers from the US experience: ! It is historically more recent ! It is spatially concentrated in Canada’s gateway cities (MTV) ! Di
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6 LVeronis_Guest-lecture_Feb5_outline - Ethnic identity and...

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