9 EDrummond_Guest-lecture_Mar5_outline

9 EDrummond_Guest-lecture_Mar5_outline - Agriculture...

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Agriculture : Geographies of the Global Food System Erica Drummond Friday March 5, 2010 Outline… Summary of Agriculture chapter from the Human Mosaic textbook Clip from documentary: Food Inc, followed by discussion Three key current debates and issues Biofuels Biotechnology and GMOs The 2006-2007 Global Food Crisis The Geographies of agriculture Authors, books, and documentaries you may wish to explore further… Agriculture and the Global Food System Region Mobility Globalization Nature-Culture Cultural Landscapes 1 2 3
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Region A multiplicity of different types of food-producing systems have resulted from the varying ways in which farmers have come to cope with a range of environmental conditions. “In order to understand agricultural regions, we need to consider the role of the environment, cultural factors, and the political and economic forces that influence a region”. Mobility The diffusion of agricultural technologies and practices across the globe have relied on mobility. “Mobility … is key in the expansion and functioning of the global food system”. 4 5 6
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Influences of mobility Plant and animal domestication Exploration, colonialism, and modern technological diffusion Mobile and migrant labour Globalization Food sovereignty: Tensions between local and global food production Global food security: Feeding the world The growth of agribusiness Food safety Risk, standards and regulation Nature-Culture “Agriculture has been the fundamental encounter between nature and culture for more than 10,000 years”. What we eat and how it is produced constitute one of the greatest impacts we have on the natural environment. 7 8 9
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Agriculture as a cultural representation Technological ‘advances’ in agricultural production Global markets, production methods, agrochemicals What would it mean for agriculture to be sustainable? Locally… globally Intensity of land use Energy input vs. level of productivity A return to organic agriculture Premium products: a rapidly increasing sector The biofuel debate Cultural Landscapes “According to the FAO, 37.3 percent of the world’s land area is cultivated or pastured”.
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