Differentmethodshavedifferinglethality

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: vary from country to country, with religious devoutness (not simply affiliation) helping to explain some of the difference Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 8 Patterns and Statistics The suicide rates of men and women also differ: Women have a higher attempt rate (3x men) Men have a higher completion rate (3x women) Why? Different methods have differing lethality Men tend to use more violent methods (shooting, stabbing, or hanging) than women (drug overdose) Guns are used in nearly two­thirds of male suicides in the U.S., compared with 40% of female suicides 9 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 Patterns and Statistics Suicide also is related to marital status and level of social support One study found that half the subjects who had committed suicide were found to have no close friends Divorced people have a higher suicide rate than married or cohabiting individuals Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 10 Patterns and Statistics In the U.S., suicide also seems to vary according to race The suicide rate of white Americans (12 per 100,000) is almost twice as high as that of African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and members of other racial groups A major exception to this pattern is the very high suicide rate of Native Americans, which overall is 1.5 times the national average 11 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 What Triggers a Suicide? Suicidal acts may be connected to recent events or current conditions in a person’s life Common triggers include stressful events, mood and thought changes, alcohol and other drug use, mental disorders, and modeling Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 12 Stressful Events and Suicide Researchers have counted more stressful events in the lives of suicide attempters than in the lives of matched control subjects Both immediate and long­term stressors can be risk factors for suicide Immediate stressors can include the loss of a loved one, the loss of a job, or natural disaster Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 13 Stressful Events and Suicide Long­term stressors can include: Serious illness Abusive environment Occupational stress Psychiatrists and psychologists, physicians, nurses, dentists, lawyers, farmers, and unskilled laborers have particularly high suicide rates Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 14 Mood and Thought Chan...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/14/2010 for the course PSYC PSYC taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Golden West College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online