FAP5_Lecture_Ch08

Pessimisticbeliefthattheirpresentcircumstances

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Unformatted text preview: ges Many suicide attempts are preceded by a change in mood These changes may not be enough to warrant a diagnosis of a mental disorder The most common change is a rise in sadness Increases in feelings of anxiety, tension, frustration, anger, or shame are also common Shneidman calls this “psychache,” a feeling of psychological pain that seems intolerable to the person 15 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 Mood and Thought Changes Suicide attempts may also be preceded by shifts in patterns of thinking Individuals may become preoccupied, lose perspective, and see suicide as their only effective solution They often develop a sense of hopelessness – a pessimistic belief that their present circumstances, problems, or mood will not change Some clinicians believe that a feeling of hopelessness is the single most likely indicator of suicidal intent 16 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 Mood and Thought Changes People who attempt suicide may experience dichotomous thinking, viewing problems and solutions in rigid either/or terms The “four­letter word” in suicide is “only,” as in “suicide was the only thing I could do” Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 17 Alcohol and Other Drug Use Studies indicate that as many as 70% of the people who attempt suicide drink alcohol just before the act Autopsies reveal that about 25% of these people are legally intoxicated Research shows the use of other kinds of drugs may have similar ties to suicide 18 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 Mental Disorders Attempting suicide does not necessarily indicate the presence of a psychological disorder Nevertheless, the majority of all suicide attempters do display such a disorder Those with severe depression, substance use disorders, and/or schizophrenia are at greatest risk Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 19 Modeling: The Contagion of Suicide It is not unusual for people, particularly teens, to commit suicide after observing or reading about someone who has done so One suicide appears to serve as a model for another Suicides by celebrities, other highly publicized suicides, and suicides by co­workers are particularly common triggers 20 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 5e – Chapter 8 Modeling: The Contagion of Suicide Suicides with bizarre or unusual aspects often receive intense coverage by the news media, possi...
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