FAP5_Lecture_Ch05 - 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Stress Disorders Stress Disorders 2 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response Response The state of stress has two components: Stressor: event creating demands Stress response: reactions to the demands Influenced by how we appraise (a) the event, and (b) our capacity to react to the event effectively People who sense that they have the ability and resources to cope are more likely to take stressors in stride 3 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response Response When we appraise a stressor as threatening, the natural reaction is fear Fear is a package of physical, emotional, and cognitive responses Stress reactions, and the fear they produce, are often at play in psychological disorders People who experience a large number of stressful events are particularly vulnerable to the onset of GAD, social phobia, panic disorder, and OCD, as well as other psychological problems 4 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response Response Stress also plays a more central role in certain psychological disorders, including: Acute stress disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder Technically, DSM-IV-TR lists these patterns as anxiety disorders as well as certain physical disorders called psychophysiological disorders These disorders are listed in the DSM-IV-TR under psychological factors affecting medical condition 5 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Stress and Arousal: Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response The Fight-or-Flight Response The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by the hypothalamus Two important systems are activated: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) An extensive network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) to the bodys other organs Contains two systems: sympathetic and parasympathetic Endocrine system A network of glands throughout the body that release hormones 6 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e Chapter 5 Stress and Arousal: Stress and Arousal: The Fight-or-Flight Response The Fight-or-Flight Response There are two pathways by which the ANS and the endocrine systems produce arousal and fear reactions: Sympathetic nervous system Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway 7...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2010 for the course PSYC PSYC taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Golden West College.

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FAP5_Lecture_Ch05 - 1 Comer, Fundamentals of Abnormal...

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