southwest asia and north africa

southwest asia and north africa - Geography of the Global...

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Southwest Asia and North Africa Bing Sheng Wu Department of Geography Geography of the Global Village
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The Sahara in Libya Peter Felix Schäfer, photographer The Pyramids of Gizah, Egypt Karina L., photographer Typical architecture in the old town of Sana’a, Yemen Klaus Zeddel, photographer Royal transportation for the princes, Oman Kurt Huber, photographer
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Setting the boundaries Huge territory extending for more than 4,000 miles About 400 million people Population clustered around water supplies Important natural resources Oil, natural gas, phosphates
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Southwest Asia and North Africa
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How to define this region?? A climatic definition: the dry world? A linguistic definition: the Arabic world? A religious definition: the Islamic world?
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Environmental Geography Dugouts-Amazon Basin By Terra Tripper The oasis of El Golea, Algeria Yann Arthus-Bertrand, photographer
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Climate •Large temperature variation •Minimal precipitation
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Rivers with a long history The Nile Most of Egypt ’s 70 million live within 10 miles from the river It supported one of the earliest civilizations on Earth Tigris and Euphrates Originated in southeastern Turkey Flowing through Syria and Iraq One of the first locations of seed agriculture in history Flood agriculture
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Mesopotamia The land between two rivers Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (currently Iraq ) The origins of agriculture (5500BC) Scarce water sources system of canals made agriculture independent of rainfall Agricultural contributions plant domestication (wheat, peas, barley, grapes, peaches, apples) animal domestication (pigs, sheep)
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Hydropolitics Connections between water resources and politics Potential for conflict
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- Fragile Environment - Deforestation - Overgrazing - Salinization - Water Management Environmental Issues
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Population and Settlement Basilica of Our Lady of Africa in Algiers, Algeria Yann Arthus-Bertrand, photographer
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Settlement Patterns (I) Fertile Crescent From the Levant inland through the fertile hill country of northern Syria into Iraq Pastoral Nomadism Most common in the drier portions Transhumance Seasonal movement of livestock
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Oasis Settlements Arid landscape High groundwater levels Modern deep-water wells Small but intensely utilized fields
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southwest asia and north africa - Geography of the Global...

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