personrev2spring2010 - Personality Psychology Exam 2...

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Personality Psychology Exam 2 Review (Chapters 5 - 8) Spring 2010 Ch. 5 Psychoanalytic Approach: Neo-Freudian Theory -points of agreement with Freud unconscious=key determinant of behavior importance of early childhood experiences on personality development acceptance of defense mechanisms and dream interpretation use of projective techniques and personality inventories (questionairres) -Adler - frail & weak; inferiority/superiority; parenting styles (pampering & neglect); birth order his theories were premised on the idea that humans are frail, weak, and develop feelings of inferiority he said humans strive for superiority in oneself parenting styles neglectful parents are likely to produce children who are clingy, withdrawn, needy of love, problematic with intimacy, difficult in relationships, and suspucious as adults birth order first borns tend to be driven, tend to be the problem child, and tend to have very strong feelings of inferiority middle borns tend to be the best adapted, have a strong drive for superiority, and are high achievers last borns tend to have strong feelings of inferiority, tend to be a little bit more well-adjusted than 1 st borns, but not much; and try to be like 1 st borns -Jung - levels of unconscious (personal & collective); archetypes (e.g., anima) levels of unconscious personal—contains repressed thoughts, forgotten experiences and undeveloped ideas can rise to consciousness if triggered it is similar to Freud's idea of the unconscious collective—contains memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations archetypes: thought forms/collective memories examples: death, power, motherhood, birth anima—feminine archetype in the male nurturing and sensitive tender and affection animus—masculine archetype in the female domineering (might affect job choice, such as the choice to be a construction worker shadow—the dark side of personality instinctual ideas and negative aspects; urges this is similar to Freuds' id -Erikson - stages of psychosocial development (e.g., trust vs mistrust) 1. trust v mistrust (birth to 1.5 yrs old) 2. autonomy (independence) versus shame/doubt (1.5 to 3) 1. examples of behavior: 1. dressing oneself 2. making one's own food 3. initiative v. guilt (3 – 6) 4. industry v. inferiority (6 – 12) 1. middle childhood 2. it is important to feel a sense of success (and this doesn't just mean cognitive; physical too) 5. identity v confusion (12 – 18) 1. adolescence 2. “who am I?” stage 3. ego helps you form a sense of identity 6. intimacy v isolation (20 – 40) 1. young adulthood 2. develops relationships with Mr./Mrs. Right 3. when one knows who one is, it is much easier to form intimate relationships 7. generativity v stagnation (40 – 65) 1. middle adulthood
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2. “have you guided future generations?” 3.
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personrev2spring2010 - Personality Psychology Exam 2...

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