psy351-PersonalityApproachPaper#1FirstDraft - Understanding...

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Understanding Major Depressive Disorder From the Psychoanalytical Approach to Personality Derick Lushine San Diego State University
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Given the array of different psychological lenses, one can look at the psychological pathology called major depressive disorder from a biological, cognitive, behavioral/social learning, or humanistic; but the psychoanalytic approach is one which is not often used for viewing this disorder. One who sees a psychologist for depression would often get some sort of bio-cognitive treatment, involving anti-depressants and some type of psychotherapy. But what would a psychodynamicist say about this disorder? How would this type of psychologist treat it? The psychoanalytic perspective is premised on the fact that most of one's behaviors, thoughts, motivations, and emotions are kept in a realm called the unconscious, and it is up to the psychoanalyst to unlock the unconscious and search for the true reason why a certain psychopathology is happening. Major components that theorists and practitioners of this school focus on are the levels of awareness, the personality characters, defense mechanisms, and stages of psychosocial development. They espouse the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious as levels of awareness; the id, ego, and superego as three characters who play a triangular tug-of- war within the mind; the use of projection as an example of a defense mechanism and a way for
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psy351-PersonalityApproachPaper#1FirstDraft - Understanding...

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