{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

COPING RESOURCE INVENTORY - CRI a psychological test to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
COPING RESOURCE INVENTORY Basic concepts Stress is the emotional, psychological, or physical strain caused by our response to pressure from the outside world. Common stress reactions include tension, irritability, inability to concentrate, and a variety of physical symptoms that include headache and a fast heartbeat. Stress can cause both mental and physical symptoms. The effects of stress are different for different people. Coping is the process of managing demands (external or internal_ that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person. "Coping consists of efforts, both action-oriented and intrapsychotic to manage (that is, master, tolerate, reduce, minimize) environmental and internal demands and conflicts among them."This definition of coping has several important aspects. First, the relationship between coping and a stressful event is a dynamic process. Coping is a series of transactions between a person who has a set of resources, values, and commitments and a particular environment with its own resources, demands, and constraints. Thus, coping is not a onetime action that someone takes, rather, it is a set of responses, occurring over time, by which the environment and the person influence each other. For example, the impending breakup of a romantic relationship can produce a variety of reaction, ranging from emotional responses, such as sadness or indignation, to actions, such as efforts at reconciliation or attempts to find engrossing, distracting activities. These coping efforts will, in turn, be influenced by the way the partner in the relationship responds. With encouragement from the partner, the person may make renewed efforts at reconciliation, whereas anger or rejection may drive the person further away. Coping is the process of managing taxing circumstances, expending effort to solve personal and interpersonal problems, and seeking to master, minimize, reduce or tolerate stress or conflict. In coping with stress, people tend to use one of the three main coping strategies: either appraisal focused , problem focused , or emotion focused coping. (Weiten, Lloyd, 2006) Appraisal-focused strategies occur when the person modifies the way they think, for example: employing denial, or distancing oneself from the problem. People may alter the way they think about a problem by altering their goals and values, such as by seeing the humor in a situation. People using problem focused strategies try to deal with the cause of their problem. They do this by finding out information on the disease, learning new skills to manage their disease and rearranging their lives around the disease. Emotion focused strategies involve releasing pent-up emotions, distracting one-self, managing hostile feelings, meditating, using systematic relaxation procedures, etc.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
People may use a mixture of these different types of coping, and coping mechanisms will usually change over time. All these methods can prove useful, but some claim that those using problem focused coping strategies will adjust better to life. Men often prefer problem focused coping, whereas women can often
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}