COPING RESOURCE INVENTORY
Stress is the emotional, psychological, or physical strain caused by our response to pressure from
the outside world. Common stress reactions include tension, irritability, inability to concentrate,
and a variety of physical symptoms that include headache and a fast heartbeat. Stress can cause
both mental and physical symptoms. The effects of stress are different for different people.
is the process of managing demands (external or internal_ that are appraised as taxing or
exceeding the resources of the person. "Coping consists of efforts, both action-oriented and
intrapsychotic to manage (that is, master, tolerate, reduce, minimize) environmental and internal
demands and conflicts among them."This definition of coping has several important aspects.
First, the relationship between coping and a stressful event is a dynamic process. Coping is a
series of transactions between a person who has a set of resources, values, and commitments and
a particular environment with its own resources, demands, and constraints. Thus, coping is not a
onetime action that someone takes, rather, it is a set of responses, occurring over time, by which
the environment and the person influence each other. For example, the impending breakup of a
romantic relationship can produce a variety of reaction, ranging from emotional responses, such
as sadness or indignation, to actions, such as efforts at reconciliation or attempts to find
engrossing, distracting activities. These coping efforts will, in turn, be influenced by the way the
partner in the relationship responds. With encouragement from the partner, the person may make
renewed efforts at reconciliation, whereas anger or rejection may drive the person further away.
Coping is the process of managing taxing circumstances, expending effort to solve personal and
interpersonal problems, and seeking to master, minimize, reduce or tolerate stress or conflict.
In coping with stress, people tend to use one of the three main coping strategies: either
coping. (Weiten, Lloyd, 2006)
strategies occur when the person modifies the way they think, for example:
employing denial, or distancing oneself from the problem. People may alter the way they think about a
problem by altering their goals and values, such as by seeing the humor in a situation.
strategies try to deal with the cause of their problem. They do this by
finding out information on the disease, learning new skills to manage their disease and rearranging their
lives around the disease.
strategies involve releasing pent-up emotions, distracting one-self, managing hostile
feelings, meditating, using systematic relaxation procedures, etc.