MANA_3318 => Lecture Notes

MANA_3318 => Lecture Notes - CHAPTER1 SocialSciences...

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CHAPTER 1 Social Sciences     Locus of Control Theory All human beings fall in one of two camps INTERNAL Locus of Control Individual  behavior based on  thoughts feelings background individual  needs Believes that  he/she can shape their environment /future. EXTERNAL Locus of Control Believes that  he/she has very little power. Believes that their  life is controlled by EXTERNAL forces  in their life. 6 Academic Disciplines     Psychology (SOCIAL SCIENCE) The study of  INDIVIDUAL  human behavior Sociology (SOCIAL SCIENCE) The study of human behavior in  GROUPS Engineering (PURE SCIENCE) The applied science of  ENERGY  and  MATTER Anthropology (SOCIAL SCIENCE) The study of human behavior in  SOCIETY/CULTURE , present or past Management (SOCIAL SCIENCE) The study of  OVERSEEING ACTIVITIES  and  SUPERVISING PEOPLE in  organizations. Medicine (PURE SCIENCE) The applied science of  HEALING or TREATMENT OF DISEASES to enhance  an individual's health and well-being. Pure vs. Social Sciences     Pure Sciences
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100% accuracy Social Sciences Deal with  PROBABILITY At  most   95% accuracy. Organizational Behavior How  individuals  and  organizations  interact Task Company's  purpose mission , and  reason  for business Structure establishes the communication line roles authority levels and flow of work Capitalism Rewards  Market (MKT) is  CONSUMER DRIVEN (money, profits, ROI) Socialism Rewards  profits to a certain extent ( Bureaucracy) Communism Group  Rewards Everyone must be treated  exactly the same on the output of things Formal vs. Informal Organizations Formal Organization officially  sanctioned  and is  defined   by  its  managers
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Policies and Procedures Manual Structured Job Titles Different levels of management  (hierarchy) Informal Organization NOT  defined  by  upper level management Grapevine communication system EVERYONE  talks to  EVERYONE NOT  always accurate   Hawthorne Studies Frederick Taylor      =>  father of Scientific Management Measured  productivity  based on  two variables The amount of  LIGHTING  (Brighter  or  Dimmer?) DIMMER  was  better The  TEMPERATURE  of work area highest      productivity with  COLD  temperatures All employees knew they were being studied Globalization     Resulted in  Job loss Reduction of cost of goods/products Outsourcing Services Manufacturing Agriculture Reasons to learn about Organizational Behavior
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course MANA 3318 taught by Professor Casper during the Spring '08 term at UT Arlington.

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MANA_3318 => Lecture Notes - CHAPTER1 SocialSciences...

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