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11-Unit11 - Research Methodology Unit 11 Unit 11 Structure...

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Research Methodology Unit 11 Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 145 Unit 11 Processing Data Structure 11.1 Meaning of data processing Objective 11.2 Checking for analysis 11.3 Editing 11.3.1 Data Editing at the Time of Recording the Data 11.3.2 Data Editing at the Time of Analysis of Data 11.4 Coding 11.5 Classification 11.6 Transcription of data 11.6.1 Methods of transcription 11.6.2 Manual transcription 11.6.3 Long work sheets 11.7 Tabulation 11.7.1 Manual tabulation 11.8 Construction of Frequency Table 11.9 Components of a table 11.10 Principles of table construction 11.11 Frequency distribution and Class intervals 11.12 Graphs, Charts and diagrams 11.12.1 Types of graphs and general rules 11.12.2 Line graphs 11.13 Quantitative and qualitative analysis 11.13.1 Measures of central tendency 11.13.2 Dispersion 11.13.3 Correlation analysis 11.13.4 Coefficient of determination Self Assessment Questions
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Research Methodology Unit 11 Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 146 11.14 Summary 11.15 Terminal questions 11.16 Answers to SAQs and TQs 11.1 Meaning of Data Processing Data in the real world often comes with a large quantum and in a variety of formats that any meaningful interpretation of data cannot be achieved straightaway. Social science researches, to be very specific, draw conclusions using both primary and secondary data. To arrive at a meaningful interpretation on the research hypothesis, the researcher has to prepare his data for this purpose. This preparation involves the identification of data structures, the coding of data and the grouping of data for preliminary research interpretation. This data preparation for research analysis is teamed as processing of data. Further selections of tools for analysis would to a large extent depend on the results of this data processing. Data processing is an intermediary stage of work between data collections and data interpretation. The data gathered in the form of questionnaires/interview schedules/field notes/data sheets is mostly in the form of a large volume of research variables. The research variables recognized is the result of the preliminary research plan, which also sets out the data processing methods beforehand. Processing of data requires advanced planning and this planning may cover such aspects as identification of variables, hypothetical relationship among the variables and the tentative research hypothesis. The various steps in processing of data may be stated as: o Identifying the data structures o Editing the data o Coding and classifying the data
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Research Methodology Unit 11 Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 147 o Transcription of data o Tabulation of data. Objectives: After studying this lesson you should be able to understand: Checking for analysis Editing Coding Classification Transcription of data Tabulation Construction of Frequency Table Components of a table Principles of table construction Frequency distribution and class intervals Graphs, charts and diagrams Types of graphs and general rules Quantitative and qualitative analysis
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