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Unformatted text preview: Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 161 Research Methodology Unit 11 11.10 Principles of Table Construction
There are certain generally accepted principles of rules relating to
construction of tables. They are:
1. Every table should have a title. The tile should represent a succinct
description of the contents of the table. It should be clear and concise.
It should be placed above the body of the table.
2. A number facilitating easy reference should identify every table. The
number can be centred above the title. The table numbers should run
in consecutive serial order. Alternatively tables in chapter 1 be
numbered as 1.1, 1.2, 1….., in chapter 2 as 2.1, 2.2, 2.3…. and so on.
3. The captions (or column headings) should be clear and brief.
4. The units of measurement under each heading must always be
5. Any explanatory footnotes concerning the table itself are placed
directly beneath the table and in order to obviate any possible
confusion with the textual footnotes such reference symbols as the
asterisk (*) DAGGER (+) and the like may be used.
6. If the data in a series of tables have been obtained from different
sources, it is ordinarily advisable to indicate the specific sources in a
place just below the table.
7. Usually lines separate columns from one another. Lines are always
drawn at the top and bottom of the table and below the captions.
8. The columns may be numbered to facilitate reference.
9. All column figures should be properly aligned. Decimal points and
“plus” or “minus” signs should be in perfect alignment.
10. Columns and rows that are to be compared with one another should
be brought closed together.
11. Totals of rows should be placed at the extreme right column and totals
of columns at the bottom.
Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 162 Research Methodology Unit 11 12. In order to emphasize the relative significance of certain categories,
different kinds of type, spacing and identifications can be used.
13. The arrangement of the categories in a table may be chronological,
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Spring '10 term at Manipal University.
- Spring '10