11-Unit11

# 209 research methodology unit 11 direct method r

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: on of x series = (x2 / N) - (x/N) 2 Dy = standard deviation of y series = (y2 / N) - (y/N) 2 Shortcut Method using Assumed Mean If short cut method is used using assumed mean, the formula for obtaining Karl Pearson’s Co-Efficient of Correlation is: r Covariance between x and y D x D y Covariance between x and y = dxdy / N - (dx/N X dy/N) Dx = (dx2 / N) - (dx /N) 2 Dy = (dy2 / N) - (dy /N) 2 dxdy / N (dx / N x dy / N) r (dx 2 / N) - (dx / N) 2 (dy 2 / N) - (dy / N) 2 dxdy = 494 N = 12 dx = 43 dy = 54 dx2 = 407 dy2 = 944 494/12 (43/12 X 54/12) 407 / 12 (43 / 12) 2 944 / 12 (54 / 12) 2 Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 210 Research Methodology Unit 11 41.17 - (3.58 4.5) 33.96 - 12.91 78.66 20.25 41.16 16.11 21.09 58.41 25.05 7.64 25.05 35.08 = 0.714 Interpretation: There is good positive correlation between x and y variable. Self Assessment Questions State whether the following statements are true or false: 1. Coding need not necessarily be numeric 2. A mere tabulation or frequency count or graphical representation of the variable may be given an alphabetic coding. 3. A coding of zero has to be assigned carefully to a variable. 11.14. Summary Data processing is an intermediary stage of work between data collections and data interpretation. The various steps in processing of data may be stated as: o Identifying the data structures o Editing the data o Coding and classifying the data o Transcription of data o Tabulation of data. Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 211 Research Methodology Unit 11 The identification of the nodal points and the relationships among the nodes could sometimes be a complex task than estimated. When the task is complex, which involves several types of instruments being collected for the same research question, the procedures for drawing the data structure would involve a series of steps. Data editing happens at two stages, one at the time of recording the data and second at the time of analysis of data. All editing and cleaning steps are documented, so that the redefinition of var...
View Full Document

## This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Spring '10 term at Manipal University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online