Unformatted text preview: distributions can be
described in simple sentences. For instance, the gender distribution of a
sample study may be described as “The sample data represents 58% by
males and 42% of the sample are females.”
Tow-Way Table: Distributions in terms of two or more variables and the
relationship between the two variables are show in two-way table. The
categories of one variable are presented one below another, on the left
margin of the table those of another variable at the upper part of the table,
one by the side of another. The cells represent particular combination of
both variables. To compare the distributions of cases, raw numbers are
converted into percentages based on the number of cases in each category.
(Table 10.2) illustrate two-way tables.
Extent of participation
4 Sikkim Manipal University % 41.9
33 % 56.8
2 % Total 1.3
39 Page No. 165 Research Methodology Unit 11 Another method of constructing a two-way table is to state the percent of
representation as a within brackets term rather than as a separate column.
Here, special care has been taken as to how the percentages are
calculated, either on a horizontal representation of data or as vertical
representation of data. Sometimes, the table heading itself provides a
meaning as to the method of representation in the two-way table.
Democratic Participation Economic
Status Low Medium High Total Low 6(35.3) 11(64.7) 0(0.0) 17 Medium 13(38.2) 18(53.0) 3(8.8) 34 High 6(62.5) 10(62.5) 0(0.0) 16 Very High 2(33.3) 3(50.0) 1(16.7) 6 27 42 4 73 Total 11.12 Graphs, Charts & Diagrams
In presenting the data of frequency distributions and statistical computations, it is often desirable to use appropriate forms of graphic
presentations. In additions to tabular forms, graphic presentation involves
use of graphics, charts and other pictorial devices such as diagrams. These
forms and devices reduce large masses of statistical data to a...
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- Spring '10
- Mean, Manipal University, Sikkim Manipal University