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Unformatted text preview: For instance, there will be a tendency to
give a code of 0 to a ‘no’, then a different coding than 0 should be given in
the data sheet. An illustration of the coding process of some of the
demographic variables is given in the following table. Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 152 Research Methodology Question Variable Number Unit 11 observation 1.1 Code Excellent 5
1 Up to 20 years 1 21-40 years 2 40-60 years 3 Salaried S Professional P Technical T Business B Retire d R Housewife H Others Occupation 1 Worst 5.2 2 Bad
Age Yes Adequate 5.1 Go Good Vehicle performs. Pb No
4.2 Pt Government
Owner of Vehicle Private
Public 3.4 Organisation Response categories = = Could be treated as a separate variable/observation and the actual
response could be recorded. The new variable could be termed as “other
The coding sheet needs to be prepared carefully, if the data recording is not
done by the researcher, but is outsourced to a data entry firm or individual.
In order to enter the data in the same perspective, as the researcher would
like to view it, the data coding sheet is to be prepared first and a copy of the
Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 153 Research Methodology Unit 11 data coding sheet should be given to the outsourcer to help in the data entry
procedure. Sometimes, the researcher might not be able to code the data
from the primary instrument itself. He may need to classify the responses
and then code them. For this purpose, classification of data is also
necessary at the data entry stage. 11.5 Classification
When open ended responses have been received, classification is
necessary to code the responses. For instance, the income of the
respondent could be an open-ended question. From all responses, a
suitable classification can be arrived at. A classification method should meet
certain requirements or should be guided by certain rules.
First, classification should be linked to the theory and the aim of the
particular study. The objectives of the study will determine the dimensions
chosen for coding. The catego...
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Spring '10 term at Manipal University.
- Spring '10