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Unformatted text preview: phical, alphabetical or according to magnitude. Numerical
categories are usually arranged in descending order of magnitude.
14. Miscellaneous and exceptions items are generally placed in the last
row of the table.
15. Usually the larger number of items is listed vertically. This means that
a table’s length is more than its width.
16. Abbreviations should be avoided whenever possible and ditto marks
should not be used in a table.
17. The table should be made as logical, clear, accurate and simple as
Text references should identify tables by number, rather than by such
expressions as “the table above” or “the following table”. Tables should not
exceed the page size by photo stating. Tables those are too wide for the
page may be turned sidewise, with the top facing the left margin or binding
of the script. Where tables should be placed in research report or thesis?
Some writers place both special purpose and general purpose tables in an
appendix and refer to them in the text by numbers. This practice has the
disadvantages of inconveniencing the reader who wants to study the
tabulated data as the text is read. A more appropriate procedure is to place
special purpose tables in the text and primary tables, if needed at all, in an
appendix. 11.11 Frequency Distribution and Class Intervals
Variables that are classified according to magnitude or size are often
arranged in the form of a frequency table. In constructing this table, it is Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 163 Research Methodology Unit 11 necessary to determine the number of class intervals to be used and the
size of the class intervals.
A distinction is usually made between continuous and discrete variables. A
continuous variable has an unlimited number of possible values between the
lowest and highest with no gaps or breaks. Examples of continuous variable
are age, weight, temperature etc. A discrete variable can have a series of
specified values with no possibility of values between these points. Eac...
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Spring '10 term at Manipal University.
- Spring '10