11-Unit11

This package contains programs for a wide range of

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Unformatted text preview: le for analysis of social science data. This package contains programs for a wide range of operations and analysis such as handling missing data, recording variable information, simple descriptive analysis, cross tabulation, multivariate analysis and non-parametric analysis. 11.8 Construction of Frequency Table Frequency tables provide a “shorthand” summary of data. The importance of presenting statistical data in tabular form needs no emphasis. Tables facilitate comprehending masses of data at a glance; they conserve space and reduce explanations and descriptions to a minimum. They give a visual picture of relationships between variables and categories. They facilitate summation of item and the detection of errors and omissions and provide a basis for computations. It is important to make a distinction between the general purpose tables and specific tables. The general purpose tables are primary or reference tables Sikkim Manipal University Page No. 160 Research Methodology Unit 11 designed to include large amount of source data in convenient and accessible form. The special purpose tables are analytical or derivate ones that demonstrate significant relationships in the data or the results of statistical analysis. Tables in reports of government on population, vital statistics, agriculture, industries etc., are of general purpose type. They represent extensive repositories and statistical information. Special purpose tables are found in monographs, research reports and articles and reused as instruments of analysis. In research, we are primarily concerned with special purpose. 11.9 Components of a Table The major components of a table are: A Heading: (a) Table Number (b) Title of the Table (c) Designation of units B Body 1 Sub-head, Heading of all rows or blocks of stub items 2 Body-head: Headings of all columns or main captions and their subcaptions. 3 Field/body: The cells in rows and columns. C Notations: Footnotes, wherever applicable. Source, wherever applicable....
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