apah savonarola, neoplatonism

apah savonarola, neoplatonism - Girolamo Savonarola...

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Girolamo Savonarola ( September 21 , 1452 May 23 , 1498 ), also translated as Jerome Savonarola or Hieronymus Savonarola , was an Italian Dominican priest and leader of Florence from 1494 until his execution in 1498. He was known for religious reform, anti- Renaissance preaching, book burning , and destruction of what he considered immoral art. He vehemently preached against what he saw as the moral corruption of the clergy, and his main opponent was Pope Alexander VI . He is sometimes seen as a precursor of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation , though he remained a devout and pious Roman Catholic during his whole life. His religious actions have been compared to those of the later Jansenists , although theologically many differences exist. Contents [ hide ] 1 Early years 2 Florence 3 Excommunication and execution 4 Character and influence 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 Fictionalizations 9 External links [ edit ] Early years Savonarola was born in Ferrara , the capital of an independent Duchy . In his youth he studied the Bible , St. Thomas Aquinas , and Aristotle . Savonarola initially studied at the University of Ferrara , where he appears to have taken an advanced Arts degree. His stance against morally corrupt clergy was initially manifested in his poem on the destruction of the world entitled De Ruina Mundi ( On the Downfall of the World ), written at the age of 20. It was at this stage that he also began to develop his moral voice, and in 1475 his poem De Ruina Ecclesiae ( On the Downfall of the Church ) displayed his contempt of the Roman Curia by terming it 'a false, proud whore'. Savonarola became a Dominican friar in 1475, during the Italian Renaissance , and entered the convent of San Domenico in Bologna . He immersed himself in theological study, and in 1479 transferred to the convent of Santa Maria degli Angeli. Finally in 1482 the Order dispatched him to Florence, the ‘city of his destiny’. Savonarola was lambasted for being ungainly, as well as being a poor orator. He made no impression on Florence in the 1480s, and his departure in 1487 went unnoticed. He returned to Bologna where he became 'master of studies’.
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Savonarola returned to Florence in 1490 at the behest of Count Pico della Mirandola . There he began to preach passionately about the Last Days , accompanied by visions and prophetic announcements of direct communications with God and the saints . Such fiery preachings were not uncommon at the time, but a series of circumstances quickly brought Savonarola great success. The first disaster to give credibility to Savonarola’s apocalyptic message was the Medici’s family weakening grip on power due to the French-Italian wars . The flowering of expensive Renaissance art and culture paid for by wealthy Italian families now seemed to mock the growing misery in Italy, creating a backlash of resentment among the people. The second disaster was the appearance of syphilis
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course BIOLOGY 11 taught by Professor Quail,p during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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apah savonarola, neoplatonism - Girolamo Savonarola...

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