Middle Ages Notes

Middle Ages Notes - – Latin term meaning fixed melody...

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Middle Ages Gregorian chant – Melody set to sacred Latin texts and sung without accompaniment. Church Modes – Scales consisting of 7 different tones whose patterns are different from the major and minor scales. Drone – a long sustained single monophonic sound. One or more long sustained tones accompanying a melody Hildegard of Bingen – A nun, abbess, and composer active in the 12 th century who wrote poetry and music. Most none for the composition “O Successores” Troubadour – Freanch nobles Jongleur – wandering minstrels of the middle ages. Estampie – Midevil dance, one of the earliest forms. Organum – Midevil music consisting of Gregorian chant and one or more additional lines. School of Notre Dame – Measured rhythm, had definite time values and a clear meter. Leonin – Composer of school of Notre Dame; Uncle of Perotin. Perotin – Major composer of the School of Notre Dame.; 1 st known composer to write music with more than 2 voices. Most known for “Alleluia: Natiritus” Cantus Firmus
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Unformatted text preview: – Latin term meaning fixed melody, referring to a chant that is used as the basis for polyphony. Ars Nova – Latin term meaning the new art. Francesco Landini – Famous Italian composer of the 14 th century. Most known for “Ecco la Primavera” Ballata – Musical poems that originated as a dance song. Sackbut – Tenor instrument, early version of the trombone. Shawm – Early double reed woodwind instrument. Guillaume De Machaut – an outstanding composer of the Ars Nova, known for composing the Notre Dame Mass, most famous composition of the 14 th century, also known for “Angus Dei” and “Puis Qu’en Oubli” Mass Ordinary – Text portions of the roman catholic mass which remain the same each day. Mass Proper – Text portions of the Roman Catholic mass which change from day to day. Trouveres – Poet musicians of French nobility. Beatriz de Dia – A famous French woman troubadour. Pope Gregory I – Reorganizer of the Catholic litugy....
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2010 for the course BUS bus taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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