HIS 109 Test 2 Notes.docx - Imperial republic Watch Arsenic...

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Imperial republic Watch Arsenic and Old Lace Republic: representation America’s Quest for Empire 1880- 1900 - Believed we were better than others so wanted to continue expanding - Manifest Destiny The idea that it is the American ‘duty’ to increase influence It includes attitudes, concepts and actions that led Americans to expand to the Pacific Anglo-Saxon perspective Voices/Reasons for Expansion 1. Evangelical Christians Convinced of superiority of whites and Christianity “Duty” to save the souls of ‘heathens’ and spread civilization 2. Industrial Capitalists Wanted to expand overseas to increase business profits Foreign trade important because “we are raising more than we can consume, we are making more than we can use” Scramble for Africa – Europeans were dividing up Africa; many were afraid US would be left out with no territory left to acquire 3. Economic Crises -- 1890s 1893 Depression Ideologically reinforcement for foreign expansion from Frederick Jackson Turner’s “Frontier Thesis” If the frontier is gone, where can we expand?? Egalitarianism – the idea of equality Josiah Strong - Our Country (his book) - Anglo Saxon ‘race’ must spread civilization and pure Christianity to other areas – and “spread itself over the earth” - Other races are inferior to Anglo Saxons (white) - Other races are weaker than Anglo Saxons Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan - The Influence of Sea Power on History - Peacetime military buildup - US must control the seas and have a strong navy to become a world power - ‘big navy policy’ - Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and Pago Pago – Pacific fueling stations - (The US wasn’t a BIG deal until WWI)
Hawaii - US officially annexed Hawaii in 1900 – President William McKinley - Secretary of State John Hay 1899 “Open Door Policy” o US can advance its commercial interests anywhere in the world on terms equal to those of other imperialist nations Jingoism - Imperialist sentiment was high - Jingoism – 1870s British expression - Belief in an aggressive and arrogant foreign policy - Willingness to go to war to enhance nation’s glory - Extreme nationalism - Wanted a war ----- Spain gave imperialists a war!

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