StudyGuideMidtermONe

StudyGuideMidtermONe - Midterm 1 Study Guide Handbook pages...

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Midterm 1 Study Guide Handbook pages 1-41. Lectures 1-7. Free energy changes- calculations of standard and non-standard, Keq, Q, spontaneous and non- spontaneous RXNs. Meaning of physiological and non-physiologically reversible reactions Carbohydrates-definition, structures (listed on page and covered in class) Glycolysis- purpose, chemical rationale, structures, ATP yield, understand types-aerobic, fermentations, understand requirement for NAD+ regeneration, phosphorylation by Pi, ATP producing steps, substrate level phosphorylation The general principles of dietary CHO catabolism in humans: 1. Extracellular hydrolysis of glycosidic linkages by hydrolytic enzymes to monomers; 2. Update of monosaccharide across transporter down conc. gradient; 3. Phosphorylation of CHO to help keep in cell; 4. Conversion to glycolytic intermediate by additional enzymes; 5. Catabolism by glycolysis (and TCA). NOTE: other organisms can transport disaccharides across membranes, such as sucrose (plants).
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