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Article III of Constitution

Article III of Constitution - ArticleIII UnitedStates...

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Article III of the Constitution of the  United States “In Order to….Establish Justice” ( Preamble to the Constitution ) “THE SUPREME LAW OF THE  LAND” (Article VI)
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SECTION 1: “'The judicial Power of the United States, shall be  vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress  may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the  supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good  Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a  Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance  in Office.” IN TODAY’S LANGUAGE : Creates the judicial branch of the federal government. Puts highest power in one Supreme Court. Congress  can add lower courts. All judges can keep their jobs as long as they are not  convicted of a crime. They will get a regular salary  that cannot be lowered as long as they remain in  office. Later acts set the number of justices (judges) at nine,  including a chief justice. Article 2 lets the president  appoint justices "by and with the Advice and Consent  of the Senate." THE REASON : In the checks and balances system, the courts are  independent of Congress and the president. Good judges are unbiased, so the rules protect them  from being fired by a president or pay cuts by  Congress.
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