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calhoun's opposition to tariff

calhoun's opposition to tariff - could lead to outlawing...

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U.S. History Honors January 9, 2008 1. South Carolina is opposed to the tariff of 1828 for both Constitutional and practical reasons. John C. Calhoun argues that imposing tariffs to protect manufacturers is not a purpose granted in the Constitution or necessary and proper for any other purpose, and therefore violates the Constitution. He argues that although the Constitution allows the federal government to regulate commerce (business), that does not include protecting manufacturers because that would imply control over all the people’s business. South Carolina opposes such federal control because it
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Unformatted text preview: could lead to outlawing slavery. South Carolina also considers the tariff unfair because it could ruin its economy if foreign countries retaliate with their own tariff on American cotton exports. 2. Calhoun believes the proper response to the tariff is not to submit to it. Doing so would set a bad precedent, so it must be protested, he says. His legal argument is that the tariff is unconstitutional, and that the 1st article of the Constitution gives the states (not the federal government) the power to carry out purposes not covered in the Constitution....
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