WWII study guide

WWII study guide - Main ideas: 1) The world between the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Main ideas: 1) The world between the wars: After World War I had sapped their resources, most European countries and Russia faced severe economic problems, such as high unemployment and inflation. Also, most had been monarchies for centuries and had no or little democratic experience. So the new governments, such as Germany’s Weimar Republic, were unstable. They had many political parties and to win a majority of support, COALITION GOVERNMENTS were formed. These didn’t last long, so leadership could not develop. As the crisis deepened, people turned to strong, totalitarian leaders, such as Benito Mussolini in Italy and Adolf Hitler in Germany. These fascist leaders stressed nationalism, which led to territorial aggressions. The U.S. and Japan had emerged from World War I strong economically, because they had expanded trade and had not fought on their soil. The U.S. gave loans to Germany and other nations to help rebuild them. But in the U.S., economic flaws such as uneven distribution of wealth, overproduction, and weak consumer demand led to collapse of the stock market and the Great Depression. This set off a chain reaction, causing a global depression. In 1928, almost all countries signed the Kellogg-Briand peace pact, renouncing war. But the League of Nations had no forces to enforce it. The economic crisis worsened political instability. By the mid 1930s, the democratic and totalitarian nations were at a stand-off.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2) Fascism was an EXTREME, military form of government that people turned to when they had lost faith in democracy. Stressed LOYALTY to the state and to AUTHORITARIAN leader. Promised to RESTORE NATIONAL PRIDE—which had been hurt by WWI peace treaties. Promised to solve economic problems Believed nations must fight or be conquered Uniforms, special salutes, mass rallies FASCISM LIKE COMMUNISM IN SOME WAYS: Dictators and one-party rule Denied civil rights, no democracy. Use censorship, secret police, terror. State is supreme FASCISM UNLIKE COMMUNISM No clear theory or goal of classless society. Fascists believed each class had its place Fascists included upper class, who feared workers’ revolt. Communists were supposed to be led by lower class. Fascists were nationalists, Communists were internationalists. 3) SPANISH CIVIL WAR:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

WWII study guide - Main ideas: 1) The world between the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online