{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

World Civ Final Essays

World Civ Final Essays - 1 TOTALITARIANISM-total control of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1) TOTALITARIANISM -total control of society --private and public life --business, family life, labor, youth groups --basic liberties denied Dictatorship, one-party rule. --D., absolute authority --dynamic leader -- demands loyalty, obedience, sacrifice, no questions asked -- symbolizes state ---unites people, gives vision, sense of security. --ideology (set of beliefs) --justifies government actions --glorifies state Depends on technology: Mass communication (radio, loudspeakers) spreads propaganda Advanced weapons Organized violence: force, police terrorize, crush opposition Target minorities, political protestors. Scapegoats . U.S.S.R.: 1917, revolution (centuries of czars’ oppression) Then civil war, WWI, economic, social turmoil Lenin a strong leader, dies in 1924. Stalin, Trotsky vie for power. By 1928, Trotsky exiled, Stalin a dictator. Head of Communisty Party. Wanted to create perfect Communist state. COMMAND ECONOMY—to catch up in industry, military. Controls all business w. FIVE-YEAR-PLAN, agriculture w. collective farms. Used terror and violence to force workers, peasants to accept. Advantage—industry, food production soared. Secret police: planted informers, executed, exiled millions. 1934 to 1939—GREAT PURGE—campaign of terror. Even police could be arrested. Used propaganda (biased info), indoctrination of Communist ideals In schools, factories: posters, loudspeakers. GREAT PURGE: 1934-‘38, campaign of terror. Everyone a suspect, even police. 8 to 13 million killed.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Daily life—women’s roles expand to factories, hospitals. But still expected to bear, raise children. Education: to create skilled workers. But state-controlled. Only means to a better life. End: After WWII, pressure on U.S.S.R. from England, U.S., France. Death of Stalin in 1953, ethnic tensions in expanded U.S.S.R. Destalinization, pressure for more freedoms. HITLER After WWI, Germany had severe economic problems --high unemployment and inflation. --monarchy for centuries, little democratic experience. Weimar Republic unstable. As the crisis deepened, people turned to Adolf Hitler as a strong leader when they had lost faith in democracy. He was a fascist –stressed extreme nationalism, which led to military aggression. Promised to RESTORE NATIONAL PRIDE—which had been hurt by WWI peace treaties. His aggression sparked WWII. The Nazis had special uniforms, and salutes, held mass rallies to inspire loyalty and fear. They targeted Jews as enemies to be the scapegoats for the country’s problems. They used the SS and the Gestapo to frighten people into obedience. The holocaust was a mass slaughter of civilians, especially Jews. Hitler exploited ancient anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) views in Europe. He claimed the Germans were a master Aryan race and Jews and other minorities were inferior. This racist view made Jews a scapegoat for WWI losses and the economic woes that followed.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern