) Three leaders whose styles contrasted greatly but who all had a lasting impact on their
countries were Napolean Bonaparte, Joseph Stalin and Mahatma Gandhi.
Napolean was the leader of France from 1799 to 1814, and during his brief
comeback in 1815. He was a military genius whose style was authoritarian, almost
He was also very charismatic and inspired loyalty. He gained notice through
his early military feats, then seized power through a coup d’etat, or sudden takeover.
Napolean’s militaristic style was also evident in the wars of conquest he waged across
Europe. He added new states to his empire from Italy, Holland and Prussia, to Portugal,
Spain and Russia
He cultivated his hero image with publicity and ceremonies.
But Napolean was also an enlightened monarch who tried to fulfill the goals of
the Revolution by setting up a fairer tax code, creating a code of laws, starting lycees, or
state-run public schools, ending government corruption, and signing a concordant with
the Catholic church. He received strong support through plebescites, or votes of the
people. He guaranteed the rights and liberties won in the Revolution, including equality
before the law and freedom of religion.
Napoleon’s influence on France remains today. The country’s basic law is still
Napoleanic, and so is the judicial system. A uniform state system of education persists.
Napoleon’s radical reforms in all parts of Europe cultivated the ground for the
revolutions of the 19th century.
b) Joseph Stalin, the “MAN OF STEEL< was a tyrant and Communist dictator who ruled
the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He used the methods of totalitarianism, or complete
state control of every aspect of life. He dominated the one-party government, practiced
indoctrination and spread propaganda through art such as Socialist realism, and the
media, and terrorized the public through religious persecution, spying, police brutality
such as the Great Purge, and censorship. He organized collective farms and increased
industrial production WITH HIS FIVE-YEAR PLANS. He believed the Soviet Union
must modernize, but he transformed it into an industrial power, but at a high price. Many
millions of Russians died under Stalin’s regime.
His forceful rule also made it difficult
for the Russian people to adapt to more open government after his death.
c) Nelson Mandela was an impassioned leader of the African National Congress and was
elected president of South Africa in 1994.
He is considered by most people a freedom
fighter and won a Nobel Peace Prize. He started out as an armed rebel
movement changed over time, from guerrilla sabotage tactics to xxx Mandela’s goal
was??? Was it achieved