World Civ II Finals

World Civ II Finals - 1) Three leaders whose styles...

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1 ) Three leaders whose styles contrasted greatly but who all had a lasting impact on their countries were Napolean Bonaparte, Joseph Stalin and Mahatma Gandhi. a) Napolean was the leader of France from 1799 to 1814, and during his brief comeback in 1815. He was a military genius whose style was authoritarian, almost dictatorial. He was also very charismatic and inspired loyalty. He gained notice through his early military feats, then seized power through a coup d’etat, or sudden takeover. Napolean’s militaristic style was also evident in the wars of conquest he waged across Europe. He added new states to his empire from Italy, Holland and Prussia, to Portugal, Spain and Russia He cultivated his hero image with publicity and ceremonies. But Napolean was also an enlightened monarch who tried to fulfill the goals of the Revolution by setting up a fairer tax code, creating a code of laws, starting lycees, or state-run public schools, ending government corruption, and signing a concordant with the Catholic church. He received strong support through plebescites, or votes of the people. He guaranteed the rights and liberties won in the Revolution, including equality before the law and freedom of religion. Napoleon’s influence on France remains today. The country’s basic law is still Napoleanic, and so is the judicial system. A uniform state system of education persists. Napoleon’s radical reforms in all parts of Europe cultivated the ground for the revolutions of the 19th century. b) Joseph Stalin, the “MAN OF STEEL< was a tyrant and Communist dictator who ruled the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He used the methods of totalitarianism, or complete state control of every aspect of life. He dominated the one-party government, practiced indoctrination and spread propaganda through art such as Socialist realism, and the media, and terrorized the public through religious persecution, spying, police brutality such as the Great Purge, and censorship. He organized collective farms and increased industrial production WITH HIS FIVE-YEAR PLANS. He believed the Soviet Union must modernize, but he transformed it into an industrial power, but at a high price. Many millions of Russians died under Stalin’s regime. His forceful rule also made it difficult for the Russian people to adapt to more open government after his death. c) Nelson Mandela was an impassioned leader of the African National Congress and was elected president of South Africa in 1994. He is considered by most people a freedom fighter and won a Nobel Peace Prize. He started out as an armed rebel Freedom fighter movement changed over time, from guerrilla sabotage tactics to xxx Mandela’s goal was??? Was it achieved ??? 2
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2010 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Unknown during the Summer '03 term at Holyoke CC.

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World Civ II Finals - 1) Three leaders whose styles...

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