World War I Outline

World War I Outline - volatile. An arms race. To be great,...

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World War I STAGE FOR WAR SET BY: 1) Rising NATIONALISM (deep devotion to one’s country). Can unify a nation, but can also cause power struggles between nations. Such was the case with: Austria-Hungary Germany Britain Russia Italy France A. REASONS THAT FUELED NATIONALISTIC RIVALRIES: 1) Competition for industrial domination of materials, markets, esp. between Britain (leader of Industrial Revolution) and Germany, with its fastest- growing economy on Continent. 2) Disputes over TERRITORY France—wanted Alsace-Lorraine back from Germany. Had lost it in Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Austria-Hungary vs. Russia over control of the Balkans (where ethnic groups like Serbs, Romanians wanted independence) II. IMPERIALISM also set the stage. A. Competing for colonies in Asia and Africa (France and Germany almost fought over Morocco, for instance). III. MILITARISM (glorifying military power and keeping a standing army ready for war). Made people feel patriotic, but also made the situation
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Unformatted text preview: volatile. An arms race. To be great, European nations wanted large armies. All had them except Britain. Generals developed plans to mobilize (organize and move troops quickly). IV: RIVAL ALLIANCES: Treaty system made to keep peace instead leads to war. TRIPLE ALLIANCE: 1882, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy. Initiated by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to isolate France. In 1887, Russia joined. But an unstable alliance due to members rivalries for Balkans. 1890Kaiser Wilhelm II forces Bismarck to resign. Proud, impulsive, and stubborn, he wants to assert his power. Said I and the army were born for one another. He lets treaty with Russia expire. Russia forms alliance with France. Now Germany could face a war on both its eastern and western front. He challenges Britain. Starts building navy to compete with Britains. Britain responds by increasing navy, forming alliance with France....
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2010 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Unknown during the Summer '03 term at Holyoke CC.

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World War I Outline - volatile. An arms race. To be great,...

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