Scientific Methods 021010 - Scientific Method(s) 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Scientific Method(s) 1 Observations Formulation of hypotheses Predictions from hypotheses Testing the hypotheses through experiment 2 Vienna Circle (~1920-1930s): development of new philosophical understandings of science Scientific theories are evaluated by empirical and logical considerations of what would verify them Inductive method: scientific theories develop by transforming individual data points into general statements about the natural world Through 1950s: Rise of the use of verification methods to define and unify science and distinguish it from other kinds of claims 3 Philosopher of Science, part of Vienna Circle Skeptical of using verification/induction methods to define science from other claims Through this method, theories could not be proven wrong because various data could be accommodated Rejection of induction for scientific investigation There should be an alternative way to evaluate theories and understand how science progresses Development of falsification method 4 Karl Popper, 1939...
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Scientific Methods 021010 - Scientific Method(s) 1...

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